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Bovis scale

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[[image:Bovis.jpg|thumb|right|Bovis-units according to A. Bovis|300px]]
The '''Bovis-scale''' (''Bovis-units'') is used by [[Radiesthesia|radiestesistsradiesthesists]] and (dowsers ) and adherents of [[geomancy ]] to describe the "strength" of a presumed an alleged "subtle energy" or "life energy" , or a postulated an alleged "cosmo-telluric energy". This unit is scientifically not accepted scientifically and has a is of [[pseudoscience|pseudoscientific]] character.
==The origins, and the inventor A. Bovis==
[[image:A_Bovis.jpg|A. Bovis (putative Antoine Bovis)|left|200px|thumb]][[image:Andre_Bovis.jpg|André Bovis|left|150px|thumb]]
The origins of the term "Bovis" is unclear. According to different sources , the Bovis-scale is was named after a French an alleged French physicist, radiestesistradiesthesist, inventor , and tinkerer bioler smith by the name of Bovis. His first name is referred as Anton<ref>http://www.energynics.com/bovis-scale.shtml</ref>, Antoine<ref>http://www.jenskleemann.de/wissen.php4?p=b/bo/bovis.html</ref><ref>http://www.skeptic.com/junior_skeptic/issue23/translation_Bovis.html</ref> , "André Bovis aus Nizzafrom Nice"<ref>http://www.conscienceverte.fr/la-regle-de-bovis-%28premiere-partie%29-2-168.html</ref> , or Alfred<ref>http://www.magic-places.ch/Boviseinh.html</ref>, and . But there are no doubts about his bith birth date is the 12th of january , January 12, 1871 in Nice (France). His death occured the day novemberA. Bovis died November 13, 13 1947.
The szech Czech radio-technician an and pseudo-scientist Karel Drbal asserts , in his book ''The Struggle for the Pyramid Patent'',<ref>Drbal, Karel: The Struggle for the Pyramid Patent. Warner Destiny, 1976)</ref>, asserts that the inventor of the Bovis-scale would be was Antoine Bovis, who allegedly had owned a hard-ware store and made , did private radiestetic radiesthetic studies and worked on a [[Esotericism|esoteric]] pyramide-pyramid energy. On the The website "Scepticsceptic.com" a also mentions one Antoine Bovis is also mentioned.<ref>http://www.skeptic.com/junior_skeptic/issue23/translation_Bovis.html</ref> Sceptic.com shows a book of a by one "A. Bovis" in which he repots about describes his ''"méthode niçoise de radiesthesie"'' (Nice-Nicoise method of radiestesiaradiesthesia) with his ''biometre''. ButHowever, the first name Antoine is never shownmentioned, the author is always descrd described as "Mr. A. Bovis" living at the , with a postal address of "Bovis, 15 rue Pertinax, Nice". Apparently, and for unknown reasons, the author decided not to reveal his first name.
On the other hand however, there are is no doubts, doubt that "Mr. A. Bovis" was in reality fact was André Bovis, a tinkererboiler smith, inventor , and radiestesist radiesthesist from Nice in southern France. His grandson Jacques Bovis, who defines himself as a "geobiologist", refers his alleged radiesthetic abilities to his grandfather André Bovis and his alleged radiestetic abilities.<ref>http://www.geobiologie.fr/pages_fr/enseignants.php</ref>.
The French citizen André Simoneton seems to have made further developments of Bovis's invention, and he talked about spoke of a so-called ''radio vitality'' (radiovitalité). Both, Bovis and Simoneton related the Bovis-scale to the well-known lenth-wellknown length scale Ångström (1&nbsp;Å = 0,1&nbsp;nm or 10<sup>−10</sup>m). On a an original Bovis-scale of made by Bovis, the unit Ångström can be seen (see picture). ==Bovis reading==[[image:Bovismeter1.png|thumb|300px|biometer or bovismeter (French: ''biometre'')]]During a Bovis "measurement", the dowser walks around the place or approaches a particular object with a device (a pendulum, biotensor or "biometer"). The "measurement" is completed when the dowser declares the local Bovis figure (''"this place has 18000&nbsp;Bovis"''). Sometimes a second person counts down from a high figure until the dowser asks him to stop counting and to tell the actual figure. A figure of 6,500 is considered "neutral", lower figures affect human "energies" negatively, while higher ones are said to have a positive effect.<br> ==The values==A Bovis figure of 6,500 is considered "neutral", lower figures affect human "energies" negatively, higher figures are said to have a positive effect.  Figures above 10,000 are in the "ethereal range" and considered to be [[Place of Power|places of power]] Bovis figures according to German dowser Markus Schirner<ref>Schirner M, Pendel-Set, Schirner-Verlag, ISBN:3-930944-65-0</ref>{||0 - 2000 || crossings of two or more disturbing zones; immune dysfunction; arrest of growth|-|2000 - 6000 || interference zone; detrimental to humans|-|6500 || neutral|-|7000 - 8000 || best value / full vitality|-|9000 - 10000 || too high in case of long exposure|-|10000 - 13500 || energetic and etheric zones of the human body|-|13500 - 18000 || spiritual, sacred, and esoteric places|-|18000 and higher || regions of cosmic rays|} Visible light has a wavelength between 3,800&nbsp;Å and 7,800&nbsp;Å. These wavelengths correspond to frequencies between 789&nbsp;and 385&nbsp;THz. Therefore, the declaration of "full vitality" will correspond to red light and have an energy of 2&nbsp;eV per photon, ultra-violet light having an energy of 3&nbsp;eV per photon (1&nbsp;eV = 1,6&nbsp;·&nbsp;10<sup>-19</sup>&nbsp;Joule). ==Criticism==[[image:Vibracell.jpg|Example of advertisement for a comestible using "Bovis values"|420px|thumb]]The Bovis scale is used on a basis of undefined, imprecise or obscure terms like "life energy", "astralic" or "vitality". Furthermore, while established scientific terms (energy, radiation, measurement) are being used, their meaning is not disclosed, an indication of pseudoscience. There is no definition given for the "Bovis units" and there are no known detecting or calibrating instruments for the claimed "subtle energies". Effects deduced from pendulum movements are known to be influenced by the Carpenter effect. Some sources, among them inventors Bovis and Simoneton, relate their Bovis values to the known unit Ångström while speaking about "wavelength" of alleged measured radiations. Some authors also speak about "Bio-Ångström", making it further difficult to understand what they are talking about. Using Bovis values as length units, they can be used to assign an energy in its physical meaning. But by doing this, an increasing Bovis value will rather assign decreasing energies (as known in physics), because the wavelenghth of an electromagnetic radiation is inversely proportional to its frequency, and not increasing energy, as supporters of the Bovis concept state. Also, using Bovis figures as Ångström, the claimed radiation energy would be visible. Sometimes Bovis figures are used to diagnose diseases in humans. There is no rational basis for this pseudo-medical use. {{OtherLang|ge=Bovis-Einheit|en=Bovis scale}} ==Literature==* Simoneton, André: Radiations des aliments, ondes humaines et sante, Paris 1949* Simoneton, André: Radiovitalite des des aliements - hypotheses sur la vie et la sante (1949)
==Weblinks==
*[http://psiramskeptic.com/gedownloads/indexAntoine_Bovis_Booklet.pdf "Sceptic.com": expose of A.php?title=Bovis this article in German language(french)]
==references==

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